The words “Marriage” and “Caste” often
go into the same sentences in India. But since ancient times, inter-caste marriages have
been relatively common. There are two types of inter-caste marriages
— Anuloma and Pratiloma. The Anuloma form of marriage refers to marriages
that take place between a man from a so-called higher caste and a woman from a lower caste.
This form of marriage was allowed only under certain social conditions. Anuloma marriages were recommended for the
upper castes — including Brahmins, Kshatriyas and the Vaishyas. The custom of Anuloma was
widely prevalent in India’s hierarchically arranged society. Pratiloma was the name given to marriages
that take place between a woman from the higher caste and a man from a lower caste. This form
of marriage was generally discouraged and condemned. As centuries have passed, societal norms have
changed and the rate of inter-caste marriages has increased. The implementation of laws
and Acts on inter-caste marriages has bridged the gap between people.